This page is dedicated to my adopted Father, David Morgan Brockie.  He immigrated and became a naturalized citizen of the United States but never forgot his roots in Scotland.  I'd like to highlight his military service to Scotland as a member of the Cameronians during World War II.  He spent 14 years in India during this period.  He was also one of the founding members of the Caledonia Kilty Band, of Mishawaka, Indiana.  He was born in Wishaw, Scotland.  During his lifetime, he worked as a butcher, a soldier, a male nurse and a machinist.  He was a very impressive man.   He was a Mason but I don't know to what degree. 

David Morgan Brockie

 May 21, 1914 - January 22, 1983

    

Above is the Brockie Coat of Arms (L) and the McInnes Clan (R) they belong to

The Tartan above is the Douglas Tartan, Official Cameronian Tartan

 

You are listening to "Scotland the Brave"


Hark where the night is falling
hark hear the pipes a calling
Loudly and proudly calling down thru the glen
There where the hills are sleeping
Now feel the blood a leaping
High as the spirits of the old highland men

Towering in gallant fame
Scotland my mountain hame
High may your proud standards gloriously wave
Land of my high endeavor
Land of the shining river
Land of my heart forever, Scotland the Brave

High in the misty mountains
Out by the purple highlands
Brave are the hearts that beat beneath Scottish skies
Wild are the winds to meet you
Staunch are the friends that greet you
Kind as the love that shines from fair maidens eyes

 

My Dad earned the following ribbons and medals in his service to Great Britain:

                      

They are from left to right, the 1939-1945 Star, the Defence Medal, and the War Medal 1939-1945.  (the last two medals are showing both sides, the 1939-1945 Star is blank on the reverse).  These medals are amongst my most prized possessions, I have both the large and miniature medals.  He used to tease me about how many medals I earned in the Air Force when I was on Active Duty.

The 1939-1945 Star was Awarded for service as follows:

Navy - awarded for six months service afloat in areas of active operations from 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945.
Army - awarded for six months service in an operational command during the period 3 September 1939 to 2 September 1945.
Air Force - awarded to all aircrew who have taken part in operations against the enemy, subject to at least two months in an operational unit and to all non-air crew who served six months in the area of an Army operational command. A gold rosette worn on the ribbon signifies participation in the Battle of Britain, 1 July 1940 to 31 October 1940.
Merchant Marine - awarded under the same conditions as Navy provided that at least one voyage was made through a specified area of active operations.

The Defence Medal was Awarded to members:

serving for six months in specified non-operational areas subjected to enemy air attack or closely threatened;
who served for six months at any time between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 in the Northern Territory north of 14 30' South and the Torres Strait Islands;
serving for 12 months non-specified non-operational service overseas from or outside Australia; or
of Mine and Bomb Disposal units employed in areas subjected to enemy air attack or closely threatened for three months within the periods stated.

The War Medal 1939-1945 was awarded to members:

who served full-time in operational or non-operational service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945. The qualifying period is 28 days.

For the Merchant Marine, the 28 days must be served at sea.

A member Mentioned in Dispatches for service during World War II wears a bronze oak leaf emblem on the ribbon. Only one emblem is worn no matter how many times a member may have been 'mentioned'.

The flag on the left is the Saint Andrews Cross.  The cap badge in the middle is that of the Cameronians - described as a mullet from the coat of arms of the Douglas family upon a stringed Bugle-horn, within two sprays of thistles.  The flag on the right is the Royal Scottish flag known as the Lion Rampant.

                                

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

Regimental Lineage - Year and Title

The Cameronians were the only regiment in the British Army to have a religious founding. Every soldier in the regiment carried a Bible as standard issue at all times. Church services were held in the field, and sentries would be posted. The posting of sentries was a remembrance to the days of religious persecution, but by WWII this was done for tradition and not to defend the Riflemen from attack by those with other religious beliefs.

1689 - The Earl of Angus's Regiment or The Cameronian Regiment.

1751 - The 26th Regiment (The Cameronians).

1786 - 26th Cameronian Regiment.

1794 - 90th Regiment of Foot or Perthshire Volunteers.  A 2nd Battalion was in existence during the period of the Napoleonic wars, then disbanded.

1815 - 90th Perthshire Light Infantry.

1881 - (May) 1st Battalion The Scotch Rifles (Cameronians), on amalgamation with the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry.

1881 - (May) 2nd Battalion The Scotch Rifles (Cameronians), on amalgamation with the 26th Cameronian Regiment.

1881 - (July) 1st Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

1881 - (July) 2nd Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

1946 - 1st Battalion placed in 'suspended animation'.

1946 - Renumbered the 1st Battalion.

1968 - The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) disbanded.

Historical Campaigns

The 1st Battalion was formerly the 26th Cameronians, and the 2nd Battalion the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry.

The "Cameronians" honor in their title is to the memory of Richard Cameron, one of the most notable of the Covenanters. It was originally intended that the regiment should be organized in some degree on the model of a Presbyterian congregation, that each company should provide an elder and that each man should carry a Bible.

The 26th Cameronians were raised in 1689 under the leadership of the Earl of Angus and soon showed their mettle against the followers of the Stuarts in the heroic defense of Dunkeld where, 1,200 strong, they repulsed with great loss four times their number. They took part in the capture of Namur in 1695 and some years later under the famous Duke of Marlborough they rendered gallant service in Flanders and won special renown at Blenheim.

In 1809 the Cameronians were with Sir John Moore at the battle of Corunna, a victory which crowned a masterly retreat in the depth of winter.

They further distinguished themselves in China in 1840, particularly at the capture of Amoy, where they were the first to mount the walls.

In 1794 the 90th Perthshire Light Infantry (nicknamed "The Perthshire Greybreeks") was formed by Mr. Thomas Graham, afterwards General Lord Lynedoch. The 90th won its first distinction in Sir Ralph Abercromby's expedition to Egypt in 1801. The battle honor of "Mandora" gained in that campaign is borne by only one other regiment of the British Army, the 92nd (later the 2nd Battalion The Gordon Highlanders), although upwards of 20 infantry regiments, besides several of cavalry, took part in the action. Some years later the 90th was engaged in the capture of Martinique and Guadaloupe, two valuable West Indian islands. At Guadaloupe the regiment captured the Eagle of the 80th French Regiment, one of the first Eagles to be taken by a British regiment.

After serving with distinction in the Crimea, the 90th added to its reputation in the Indian Mutiny by the many acts of individual bravery performed by officers and men. No fewer than six Victoria Crosses were won by members of the regiment.

In 1881 the 26th and 90th were amalgamated under the title of " The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)." On becoming a rifle corps the regiment ceased to carry colors, and all battle honors are now borne on the appointments only.

It saw much service in the South African war of 1899-1902 and formed part of the force which, after much hardship, brought relief to their besieged comrades at Ladysmith.

In the war of 1914-1918 the regiment consisted of 27 battalions and, as its battle honors attest, added new luster to its name on the Western Front, and in Macedonia, Gallipoli and Palestine. Only the 1st and 2nd battalions were regulars, the others consisted of the Special Reserve, Territorial and War Service battalions.

In the 1939-1945 war the 1st Battalion took part in the Burma campaign of 1942, returning there in 1944 with Wingate's Chindits, the 2nd Battalion was at Dunkirk 1940, Madagascar 1942, the Sicily landing and later in France, while other battalions participated, after D-day, in the North-West Europe campaign.

The regiment held the unique honor of having given to its country two Commanders-in-Chief, Lord Hill and Viscount Wolseley, and two Field Marshals, Viscount Wolseley and Sir Evelyn Wood, V.C. In the 1939-45 war it could boast of having produced seven General Officers, including General Sir Thomas Riddell - Webster and General Sir Richard O'Connor.

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) were disbanded in 1968.


 

Distinctions, Regimental Tartan, etc.

                  

     

The Cameronians, being a Rifle Regiment, carried some of the distinctions which went along with Rifles traditions. As noted in the insignia section, their insignia was in the colors of black and dark green, the traditional rifle regiment colors going back to their inception in the late 18th Century. The trews were of Douglas tartan. some Riflemen carried out the tradition of putting black buttons on their uniform blouse, and they would also sometimes replace the toorie on their Tam O'Shanter with a black one.

The Cameronians and other Rifle Regiments had different drill than the other regiments of the British Army. Rifles originally marched at a faster pace, to act as skirmishers and reach the battles of the 19th Century before the regular infantry regiments would arrive. They would not slope arms, instead they carried their rifles at the trail, so they were more quickly accessible.

Trews (trousers) of Douglas tartan (pictured above with Cameronian cap badge). It was worn by all ranks, including the band; except for the pipers who wore the kilt.

Insignia as worn on the Battledress uniform

Cap badge:  Cameronians white metal cap badge on a three inch square tartan patch, worn on the Tam O' Shanter.

Sleeve insignia:  (2nd picture above) Cameronians black on dark green shoulder title (1943-44), or two inch square tartan patch worn on its point (1945).

15th (Scottish) divisional sign (2nd and 3rd picture above), two rifle green (rifles) arm-of service strips(2nd picture above)

Rank insignia:  (2nd picture above) Non-commissioned officers would have chevrons in black color with a dark green backing material, Officers would have black pips, also on dark green backing.

The pipers of the 1st Battalion wore a distinctive badge of the Mullet or Star with a scroll below bearing the name "The Cameronians."

The sporrans and dirks of the pipers of the 2nd Battalion carried a reproduction of the coat of arms of the City of Perth.

When swords were worn before the 1939-1945 war, the officers did not carry a basket-hilted broadsword as in other Lowland regiments but wore a rifle sword.

The maps detail Scotland as a member of the United Kingdom.  The lower map details my Dad's  hometown of Wishaw.  Wishaw is located SE of Glasgow and SW of Edinburgh and is indicated by the red star below Hamilton.  I believe he completed his Cameronian military training in Glasgow.

  

This is the earliest and latest picture of Mishawaka's Caledonia Kilty Band.  My Dad played the big drum when he was a member of the band.  He is pictured in the leopard skin in the first picture.  They recently celebrated their 50th anniversary.  The play frequently in parades and at the South Bend Marine Corps League.  My Uncle Lewis Brockie is the second piper from the left in the first row of pipers.  He played Amazing Grace on his pipes at my Dad's funeral.  He is the lone surviving sibling of my Dad's 10 brothers and sisters.

 

My Dad was an avid supporter of the Glasgow Rangers Football Club.  He played left wing for the Cameronians when they played the Indian National Team.

                                            

My Dad took our whole family to Scotland in 1970 when I was only 12 years old.  We stayed for a month and traveled throughout Great Britain.  I can still remember Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Big Ben from our stay in England.  I also remember our trip to Loch Lomond and Loch Ness, Edinburgh Castle and a boat trip near Ayr.  My Dad and I bonded quite a bit over there as we went to a soccer game at Motherwell together and did a lot of walking together.  I especially loved picking up "Fish and Chips (French fries)" for supper.

Back home in the United States, my mom taught the Highland Fling and the Sword Dance.  They had an annual Robert Burns' supper where the tradition was to eat Haggis.  My father's band used to play in many parades.  I can remember the one in Mishawaka and another in Three Oaks, Michigan.  There were also Highland Games that we went to in North Carolina.

 

British Links

Gunners Australia: http://gunnersnet.com/gunners.html